ANDROID
Android is one of the latest and leading mobile operating system which is been particularly designed and developed mainly for touch screen mobile devices such as smart phones and tablet computers. This Linux based mobile operating system can also be compared to a human which is fully automated. Looking back the last 15 years has come up with a number of Operating system (OS) which includes the black and white phones to the latest smart phones or mini computers. In the industry of mobile evolution has taken place which shows a gradual rise from Palm OS in 1996 to Windows pocket PC in 2000 followed by Blackberry OS and now the happening Android.Symbian is owned by Nokia and is only used in Nokia handsets whereas that's not the case with the Android for it has a free License Operating System which can become a platform in any smart phones today. Android the most widely used software in the mobile industry is not only stacked with the best operating system middleware and key applications. This innovative standardized software module which is been used everywhere in the mobile industry has led to the Android Software Development Kit (SDK) which includes tools of a wide range of aspects like a handset emulator based on QEMU,a debugger,tutorials,software libraries, sample code and documentation..The Java programming language which is very essential for developing applications is now been used on the Android platforms for the tools required for this upcoming is provided by the Android SDK.Android was initially founded in the year 2003 by a group of people named Andy Rubin, Rich miner, Nick sears and Chris White from Palo Alto of California, U.S.and two years later on August 17, 2005, it was taken over by Google. However the first android phone was Motorola G1 which was quite and really looked like a weapon which was soon made to specifications where they became smarter and flexible.From there the journey of Android has crossed miles and miles where it has got itself uplifted and updated from the original to the latest version. Thus this Google created software with its wide ranging mobile applications has made the public to make use of its full potential in the latest mobile handsets. The latest survey on this says that at least half of the smart phones used in USA works on the Android operating system which shows how well it has got itself modified to the present generation. Android which works on Linux is customized to specifications in widgets and apps more than 2.65 lakhs.Android which is growing every minute has become a tough competition for the operating system of Nokia and Blackberry and also it has proved itself very successful on tablets. Even the normal man can enjoy the benefits of Android because mts has launched less expensive sets. The ongoing topic in most of the medium where ideas and views on Android is been exchanged. Many versions have been released like android froyo, ginger bread, and honey comb with the latest entrant called as ice cream sandwich. Android the world's most liked mobile platform which is getting smarter and making you smarter provides you with 600,000 apps and games on Google Play along with thousands of songs and movies. It is designed in such a way with the home screen, web browser, email and lot of new things which makes life even easier and a unique mobile experience. In Android switching between different applications is made quite quickly and smoothly. Even when we are on a multiple task adroit balancing is quite easy on this mobile device. With all this development Android is now available with nearly 700,000 apps and a primary app store, of about 25 billion. Android has an open source code which is licensed by the Apache which gives a free hand for free modifying of the software, distribution among the device manufacturers, wireless carriers and enthusiast developers. There are number of developers working on the quality of being suited to serve a purpose well or to practicality which was initially a modified version of the Java language. These community-driven projects by the developers and enthusiasts who have access to the open source code are adding up with new features for advanced users. Thereby it gives a chance for the developers to introduce and incorporate any technological advancement. Thus most of the leading companies in technology who are looking for a fair-cost, modifiable, lightweight operating system for high tech devices use the Android smart phone platform which makes their work much easier for there is no requirement of developing one from scratch.Though it was initially designed to serve the mobiles and tablets with its all development has seen additional applications on televisions, games panel accommodating controls for electronic equipment. Android takes up at least 75% of the worldwide market for smartphone.It is surprising to know that during the third quarter of 2012, there where at least 500 million devices activated in total and 1.3 million activations per day. This decisively designed mobile operating system by the Google has awesome applications in the mobile phone arena thus enabling a new world of Mobile Technology to its customers. Interaction with Android is based on direct control mainly by the touch inputs in accordance to actions like swiping, tapping, pinching and reverse pinching to keep in control the on-screen objects.
 
The fluid touch interaction in the android phones which uses the vibration power of the handset gives back a relating sense of touch to the user. Android is featured with other characteristics like internal hardwares such as accelerometers, gyroscopes and proximity sensors. All these internal hardwares are used by various other applications where they used for the adjustment from the portrait to landscape screen. This mainly works on how the device is aligned like in a racing game how the vehicle is steered by rotating the device in par with the steering wheel. The home screen which has android operating system is very much alike the desktop found on the personal computers.The home screens carries details like app icons, widgets, primary navigation and information point. Widgets mostly shows up live, auto-updating content such as the weather forecast, the user's email inbox, or a news ticker directly on the home screen and of course the app icons brings the action of the associated app. Apart from the menu the homepage has several pages in it where the user can swipe back and forth. Android though designed to specifications the benefit of the user is that they can adjust according to their liking the look and feel of the device. Most of the manufacturers compete among themselves by simply differentiating where they customize the look and feel of the device. Apart from the man applications the third party apps available on Google Play and other app stores can in widespread exhibit the home screen, and look similar to other operating systems like those in the windows phone. Notifications can be seen on the screen by dragging the status bar down where the application helps in displaying important information or updates like new mails or text messages. But this in no way causes disturbance to the user. Notifies disappear only after it is read or discharged by the user. The features in Android are enhanced with relevant app where the functions becomes much easier to work like as simple as calling back a number directly from the missed call notification. The third party applications for the Android operating system can be got from the Google stores or by downloading from a third party site and then installing the application fie.Sometime the play store applications are pre-installed on devices that are user friendly with the requirements of the Google and the operating system. For business purposes availability of app filters based on the users device compatibility are restricted in specific areas or countries. There is a benefit of even returning back the buying of the wrong or unwanted applications by downloading. But however it works only under a specific time constrain. There is an option of direct carrier billing for purchase of Google Play application in which the bill is added to the users monthly payment. It is been said that at least 25 billion application is downloaded from the Play Store. Android development tools are used by the Eclipse an integrated development environment which has official supports. The operating system of Android also supports other development tools like a visual environment for novice programmers, extensions in C or C++, various cross platform mobile web applications frameworks and Google App Inventor. In countries like China state approved services are strictly followed due to the practice of official checking of the internet because of the limitations provided at the arrival on Google services. One of the latest features of the Androids is the Voice typing and actions which has control on the device just by the users voice. The application is designed in such a way where mere touching of the keyboard followed by talking and not typing to write emails, SMS, or any other text results in the flowing of the words in no time. This voice typing applications support more than 30 languages. Android handsets are got in markets with excellent which caters to all class of people where they come in vibrant high-resolution displays, cameras and with on screen keyboards or the flip outs. In these smart phones when there are changes made in information from one particular source is very clear in not affecting the information from other sources. Say contact information from a Google account and an exchange active sync account has to be edited where both are designated to sync contacts. In this case the application helps in changing the information only to that on the web whereas it remains unchanged in the exchange active sync account. The first version of the Android operating system was released on November 2007 in the name Android beta. However Android 1.0, the first commercial version was bought into the market in September 2008.Android has got itself updated from its original version in terms of fixing bugs and by adding other new features with Google and the Open Handset Alliance. But after 2008 the versions have been released in codenames following alphabetical order. The versions of Android operating system are quite interesting for it is been named after desserts and released in the alphabetical order. They are mostly referred by the code names than the version numbers. They are Cupcake - Android 1.5 Donut - Android 1.6 clair - Android 2.0 and 2.1 Froyo (frozen yogurt) - Android 2.2 Gingerbread - Android 2.3 Honeycomb - Android 3.0 Ice Cream Sandwich - Android 4.0 Jelly Bean - Android 4.1